Instant noodle consumption is associated with cardiometabolic risk factors among college students in Seoul

In Sil Huh, Hyesook Kim, Hee Kyung Jo, Chun Soo Lim, Jong Seung Kim, Soo Jin Kim, Oran Kwon, Bumjo Oh, Namsoo Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Increased consumption of instant noodles has recently been reported to be positively associated with obesity and cardiometabolic syndrome in South Korea, which has the highest per capita instant noodle consumption worldwide. This study aimed to investigate the association between instant noodle consumption and cardiometabolic risk factors among college students in Seoul. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The study subjects consisted of 3,397 college students (1,782 male; 1,615 female) aged 18-29 years who participated in a health checkup. Information on instant noodle consumption was obtained from the participants’ answers to a question about their average frequency of instant noodle intake over the 1 year period prior to the survey. RESULTS: Statistical analysis using a general linear model that adjusted for age, body mass index, gender, family income, health-related behaviors, and other dietary factors important for cardiometabolic risk, showed a positive association between the frequency of instant noodle consumption and plasma triglyceride levels, diastolic blood pressure, and fasting blood glucose levels in all subjects. Compared to the group with the lowest frequency of instant noodle intake (≤ 1/month), the odds ratio for hypertriglyceridemia in the group with an intake of ≥ 3/week was 2.639 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.393-5.000] for all subjects, while it was 2.149 (95% CI, 1.045-4.419) and 5.992 (95% CI, 1.859-21.824) for male and female students, respectively. In female students, diastolic blood pressure was also higher among more frequent consumers of instant noodles. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that frequent consumption of instant noodles may be associated with increased cardiometabolic risk factors among apparently healthy college students aged 18-29 years.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)232-239
Number of pages8
JournalNutrition Research and Practice
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 The Korean Nutrition Society and the Korean Society of Community Nutrition.


  • Blood pressure
  • Hypertriglyceridemia
  • Metabolic factors
  • Overweight


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