Inhibition of P-glycoprotein by natural products in human breast cancer cells

Yeon Chung Soo, Kyung Sung Min, Hyung Kim Na, Ok Jang Jung, Jung Go Eun, Jeong Lee Hwa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

95 Scopus citations

Abstract

Multidrug resistance (MDR) is one of the most significant obstacles in cancer chemotherapy. One of the mechanisms involved in the development of MDR is the over-expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp). It is widely known that natural compounds found in vegetables, fruits, plantderived beverages and herbal dietary supplements not only have anticancer properties, but may also modulate P-gp activity. Therefore, the purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of naturally occurring products on P-gp function in human breast cancer cell lines, MCF-7 (sensitive) and MCF-7/ADR (resistant). The accumulation of daunomycin (DNM), a Pgp substrate, was greater in the sensitive cells compared to the resistant cells, while the efflux of DNM was higher in the resistant cells compared to the sensitive cells over a period of 2 h. The IC50 value of DNM in the resistant cells was about 22 times higher than that in the sensitive cells, indicating an over-expression of P-gp in the resistant cells, MCF-7/ADR. All of the compounds tested, with the exception of fisetin, significantly decreased the IC50 value of DNM. Biochanin A showed the greatest increase in [3H]-DNM accumulation, increasing by 454.3 ± 19.5% in the resistant cells, whereas verapamil, the positive control, increased the accumulation by 229.4 ± 17.6%. Also, the accumulation of [3H]-DNM was increased substantially by quercetin and silymarin while it was reduced by fisetin. Moreover, biochanin A, silymarin, and naringenin significantly decreased DNM efflux from MCF-7/ADR cells compared with the control. These results suggest that some flavonoids such as biochanin A and silymarin may reverse MDR by inhibiting the P-gp function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)823-828
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Pharmacal Research
Volume28
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 31 Jul 2005

Keywords

  • Daunomycin
  • MCF-7/ADR Cells
  • Natural Products
  • P-glycoprotein

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