Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) plays an important role in mediating the invasion and angiogenic process of malignant gliomas. This study was undertaken to determine if an isoflavone metabolite, irisolidone, inhibits MMP-9 expression in human astroglioma cells. Irisolidone was found to inhibit the secretion and protein expression of MMP-9 induced by PMA in U87 MG glioma cells, accompanied by the inhibition of MMP-9 mRNA expression and promoter activity. Further mechanistic studies revealed that irisolidone inhibits the binding of NF-κB and AP-1 to the MMP-9 promoter and suppresses the PMA-induced phosphorylation of ERK and JNK, which are upstream signaling molecules in MMP-9 expression. The Matrigel-invasion assay showed that irisolidone suppresses the in vitro invasiveness of glioma cells. Therefore, the strong inhibition of MMP-9 expression by irisolidone might be a potential therapeutic modality for controlling the growth and invasiveness of gliomas.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - 8 Feb 2008|
- Signaling pathways