Influencing factors on social acceptance of autonomous vehicles and policy implications

Jihye Lee, Hyungsik Chang, Young Il Park

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Autonomous vehicles are of profound worldwide interest and automotive and IT industries related to autonomous vehicles have focused on them more intensely to commercialize. Experts predict that autonomous vehicles will bring about widespread changes in our lives, society, economy and culture. However, South Korea is insufficiently prepared for these changes. Another problem is that policies pertaining to autonomous vehicles in South Korea seem to be biased towards suppliers. Therefore, it is necessary to analyze Korean consumers' acceptance of autonomous vehicles. This study aims to examine what factors of autonomous vehicles affect consumers and whether they recognize the differences in levels of autonomous driving technology. The data were collected from 459 South Koreans over 20 years of age. According to the results of multiple regression analysis, general acceptance of autonomous vehicles was affected by usefulness, reliability and legality. PAV (Partial Autonomous Vehicle) acceptance was influenced by safety, anxiety, ease of driving, driver convenience, driving education and driver's carelessness. In contrast, FAV (Full Autonomous Vehicle) acceptance was influenced by safety, user convenience, and extra expenses. These results show that factors directly related to drivers influence PAV acceptance while external environmental factors affect FAV acceptance. This study has some implications for governments and the automobile industry pertaining to autonomous vehicles. Usefulness, reliability, and legality should be considered in order to increase acceptance of autonomous vehicles. Secondly, safety and driver/user convenience are important factors for acceptance of both of PAVs and FAVs. Finally, due to conflicting aspects, the strategies should be different between PAVs and FAVs.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPICMET 2018 - Portland International Conference on Management of Engineering and Technology
Subtitle of host publicationManaging Technological Entrepreneurship: The Engine for Economic Growth, Proceedings
EditorsHarm-Jan Steenhuis, Kiyoshi Niwa, Gary Perman, Dundar F. Kocaoglu, Timothy R. Anderson, Dilek Cetindamar Kozanoglu
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781890843373
DOIs
StatePublished - 4 Oct 2018
Event2018 Portland International Conference on Management of Engineering and Technology, PICMET 2018 - Honolulu, United States
Duration: 19 Aug 201823 Aug 2018

Publication series

NamePICMET 2018 - Portland International Conference on Management of Engineering and Technology: Managing Technological Entrepreneurship: The Engine for Economic Growth, Proceedings

Conference

Conference2018 Portland International Conference on Management of Engineering and Technology, PICMET 2018
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityHonolulu
Period19/08/1823/08/18

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Portland International Conference on Management of Engineering and Technology, Inc. (PICMET).

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