Induction of G1 phase arrest and apoptosis in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells by troglitazone, a synthetic peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) ligand

Hong Nu Yu, Young Rae Lee, Eun Mi Noh, Kyung Sun Lee, Jong Suk Kim, Eun Kyung Song, Myung Kwan Han, Yong Chul Lee, Kang Beom Kwon, Seung Jin Lee, Hyun Jo Youn, Sung Hoo Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) ligands inhibit cell proliferation and induce apoptosis in cancer cells. Here we wished to determine whether the PPARγ ligand induces apoptosis and cell cycle arrest of the MDA-MB-231 cell, an estrogen receptor α negative breast cancer cell line. The treatment of MDA-MB-231 cell with PPARγ ligands was shown to induce inhibition of cell growth in a dose-dependent manner as determined by MTT assay. Cell cycle analysis showed a G1 arrest in MDA-MB-231 cells exposed to troglitazone. An apoptotic effect by troglitazone demonstrated that apoptotic cells elevated by 2.5-fold from the control level at 10 μM, to 3.1-fold at 50 μM and to 3.5-fold at 75 μM. Moreover, troglitazone treatment, applied in a dose-dependent manner, caused a marked decrease in pRb, cyclin D1, cyclin D2, cyclin D3, Cdk2, Cdk4 and Cdk6 expression as well as a significant increase in p21 and p27 expression. These results indicate that troglitazone causes growth inhibition, G1 arrest and apoptotic death of MDA-MB-231 cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)906-912
Number of pages7
JournalCell Biology International
Volume32
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2008

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Cell cycle
  • PPARγ ligand
  • Troglitazone

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