We tried to establish a reliable detrusor underactivity (DUA) rat model and to investigate pathophysiology of chronic bladder ischemia (CBI) on voiding behavior and bladder function. Adult male rats were divided into five groups. The arterial injury (AI) groups (AI-10, AI-20, AI-30) underwent vascular endothelial damage (VED) of bilateral iliac arteries (with 10, 20, and 30 bilateral repetitions of injury, respectively) and received a 1.25% cholesterol diet. The sham group underwent sham operation and received the same diet. Controls received a regular diet. After 8 weeks, all rats underwent unanesthetized cystometrogram. Bladder tissues were processed for organ bath investigation, immunohistochemistry staining, and genome-wide gene expression analysis. Awake cystometry analysis showed that frequency of voiding contractions and micturition pressure were lower in the AI-30 group than in sham group (p < 0.01). Contractile responses to various stimuli were lower in AI-20 and AI-30 groups (both p < 0.001). In the AI-20 and AI-30 groups, atherosclerotic occlusion in the iliac arteries, tissue inflammation, fibrosis, denervation, and apoptosis of bladder muscle were prominent compared to the sham. Mechanistically, the expression of purinergic receptor P2X-1 was reduced in the AI-30 group, and the genome-wide gene expression analysis revealed that genes related to IL-17 and HIF-1 signaling pathways including INF-γ receptor-1 and C-X-C motif chemokine ligand-2 were upregulated in the CBI-induced DUA rat model. A rat model of progressive VED successfully induced DUA. Abnormal tissue inflammation, fibrosis, denervation, and bladder muscle tissue apoptosis may be involved in CBI-induced DUA pathophysiology.