Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine whether γ-rays can affect Ca2+-induced differentiation in normal and neoplastic mouse epidermal cells. Methods and Materials: After γ-ray irradiation, primary and v-ras(Ha) transformed mouse keratinocytes were cultured for 48 h in 0.12 mM Ca2+-containing media, and cellular translocation from cytosolic to particulated fraction of each PKC isozyme and expressions of differentiation markers were examined. Results: Morphological difference was seen at 48 h after irradiation in both Ca2+-shifted normal and v-ras(Ha) transformed cells; v-ras(Ha) cells were more resistant to the radiation than normal cells. Radiation potentiated granular cell-differentiation marker expressions (filaggrin, loricrin, and SPR-1) in both normal and v-ras(Ha) transformed cells. In the case of spinous cell markers, the expression of keratins K1 and K10, which are usually blocked in v-ras(Ha) cells was increased after irradiation. However, there was no change of K8 expression level, which can be seen only after v-ras(Ha) transfection. Cellular fractionation and immunoblot analysis with antibodies against PKCα, δ, ε, η, and ξ revealed that PKCα was responsible for the differentiation marker expression. Conclusions: These findings suggest that PKCα is an important component of the signaling pathway regulating radiation-induced differentiation in both normal and neoplastic epidermal cells.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics|
|State||Published - 1 Jul 1998|
- Differentiation markers
- Mouse epidermal cell