Adenosine receptors (ARs) belong to the G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) superfamily and consist of four subtypes referred to as A1, A2A, A2B, and A3. It is important to develop potent and selective modulators of ARs for therapeutic applications. In order to develop reliable in silico models that can effectively classify antagonists of each AR, we carried out three machine learning methods: Laplacian-modified naïve Bayesian, recursive partitioning, and support vector machine. The results for each classification model showed values high in accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, area under the receiver operating characteristic curve and Matthews correlation coefficient. By highlighting representative antagonists, the models demonstrated their power and usefulness, and these models could be utilized to predict potential AR antagonists in drug discovery.
- Adenosine receptor
- Laplacian-modified naïve Bayesian
- Recursive partitioning
- Support vector machine