Improving accuracy of the fifth-order WENO scheme by using the exponential approximation space

Youngsoo Ha, Chang Ho Kim, Hyoseon Yang, Jungho Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The aim of this study is to develop a novel WENO scheme that improves the performance of the well-known fifth-order WENO methods. The approximation space consists of exponential polynomials with a tension parameter that may be optimized to fit the the specific feature of the data, yielding better results compared to the polynomial approximation space. However, finding an optimal tension parameter is a very important and difficult problem, indeed a topic of active research. In this regard, this study introduces a practical approach to determine an optimal tension parameter by taking into account the relationship between the tension parameter and the accuracy of the exponential polynomial interpolation under the setting of the fifth-order WENO scheme. As a result, the proposed WENO scheme attains an improved order of accuracy (that is, sixth-order) better than other fifth-order WENO methods without loss of accuracy at critical points. A detailed analysis is provided to verify the improved convergence rate. Further, we present modified nonlinear weights based on an L1-norm approach along with a new global smoothness indicator. The proposed nonlinear weights reduce numerical dissipation significantly, while attaining better resolution in smooth regions. Some experimental results for various benchmark test problems are presented to demonstrate the ability of the new scheme.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-172
Number of pages30
JournalSIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.


  • Exponential polynomial interpolation
  • Hyperbolic conservation laws
  • Order of accuracy
  • Smoothness indicator
  • Tension parameter
  • WENO scheme


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