Improvements in the Metabolic Syndrome and Stages of Change for Lifestyle Behaviors in Korean Older Adults

Seunghyun Yoo, Hyekyeong Kim, Han Ik Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: This study aims to examine the effectiveness of a 6-month lifestyle modification program on the improvement in metabolic syndrome (MetS) status and in stages of change for lifestyle behaviors associated with MetS among Korean older adults. Methods: A lifestyle modification program was developed based on the transtheoretical model. The program consisted of health counseling, education classes, a self-management handbook, newsletters and a health diary. Older adults aged ≥60 (n = 480) with MetS were randomly assigned to the intervention group (IG) or the comparison group (CG). The IG received a comprehensive 6-month lifestyle modification intervention, while the CG received minimal information on MetS and lifestyle modification. Health examination and self-administered survey were conducted before and after the intervention to determine the effectiveness of the program. Results: After the intervention, the prevalence of MetS decreased to 38.1% in the IG and 52.4% in the CG (p = 0.046). The IG improved abdominal obesity (p = 0.016), blood pressure (p = 0.030), and triglyceride (p = 0.005) more than the CG did. The IG demonstrated significant improvements in the behavioral stages for portion control (p = 0.021), balanced diet (p < 0.001) and adequate intake of fruits and vegetables (p = 0.012). The IG reduced the prevalence of abdominal obesity (OR = 2.34) and improved MetS status (OR = 1.79) better than the CG. The IG were more likely to advance from preaction stages at baseline to action stage at post-intervention for portion control (OR = 3.29) and adequate intake of fruits and vegetables (OR = 2.06). Conclusion: Lifestyle modification can improve the MetS status and behavioral stages in older adults.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-93
Number of pages9
JournalOsong Public Health and Research Perspectives
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2012

Keywords

  • Health behaviors
  • Lifestyle change intervention
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Older adults
  • Stages of change

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