Background: The demand on effective and safe anthrax vaccine is increasing as a part of the preparedness for possible bioterrorism in the future. We performed a randomized, single-blind, placebo controlled phase II clinical study to evaluate the immunogenicity and safety of a novel recombinant protective antigen (rPA) anthrax vaccine, GC1109, in healthy adult volunteers. Methods: Participants were randomized to experiment groups (0.3 mL, 0.5 mL, and 1.0 mL of GC1109) or placebo group (normal saline 0.5 mL) in 2:2:2:1 ratio. They received respective vaccines intramuscularly at 0, 4 and 8 weeks. Immunogenicity was evaluated by seroconversion rate and geometric mean titer (GMT) of lethal toxin neutralizing assay (TNA) and anti-PA IgG by ELISA. Safety was assessed by laboratory tests, and solicited and unsolicited adverse events on diary cards. Results: 30, 29, 30 participants were randomized to 0.3, 0.5, and 1.0 mL of GC1109 groups, respectively, while 15 to placebo group. 92 participants received all three doses. In per-protocol analysis, TNA GMTs at week 12 were 296.5, 285.2, and 433.2 in the three groups, respectively. Seroconversion rates measured by ELISA were 100% at week 12 in the three groups. Local and systemic vaccine-related adverse events were frequent; however, most of them were mild, and no serious events were observed. Conclusions: A new rPA anthrax vaccine GC1109 was immunogenic after three doses of intramuscular administration, and was well-tolerated.
- Bacillus anthracis
- Recombinant protective antigen anthrax vaccine