Image-based compensation for involuntary motion in weight-bearing C-arm cone-beam CT scanning of knees

Mathias Unberath, Jang Hwan Choi, Martin Berger, Andreas Maier, Rebecca Fahrig

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

13 Scopus citations


We previously introduced four fiducial marker-based strategies to compensate for involuntary knee-joint motion during weight-bearing C-arm CT scanning of the lower body. 2D methods showed significant reduction of motion-related artifacts, but 3D methods worked best. However, previous methods led to increased examination times and patient discomfort caused by the marker attachment process. Moreover, sub-optimal marker placement may lead to decreased marker detectability and therefore unstable motion estimates. In order to reduce overall patient discomfort, we developed a new image-based 2D projection shifting method. A C-arm cone-beam CT system was used to acquire projection images of five healthy volunteers at various flexion angles. Projection matrices for the horizontal scanning trajectory were calibrated using the Siemens standard PDS-2 phantom. The initial reconstruction was forward projected using maximum-intensity projections (MIP), yielding an estimate of a static scan. This estimate was then used to obtain the 2D projection shifts via registration. For the scan with the most motion, the proposed method reproduced the marker-based results with a mean error of 2.90 mm +/-1.43 mm (compared to a mean error of 4.10 mm +/-3.03 mm in the uncorrected case). Bone contour surrounding modeling clay layer was improved. The proposed method is a first step towards automatic image-based, marker-free motion-compensation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMedical Imaging 2015
Subtitle of host publicationImage Processing
EditorsMartin A. Styner, Sebastien Ourselin
ISBN (Electronic)9781628415032
StatePublished - 2015
EventMedical Imaging 2015: Image Processing - Orlando, United States
Duration: 24 Feb 201526 Feb 2015

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
ISSN (Print)1605-7422


ConferenceMedical Imaging 2015: Image Processing
Country/TerritoryUnited States

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 SPIE.


  • C-arm cone-beam CT
  • fiducial marker
  • image-based motion compensation
  • medical image processing
  • motion artifacts
  • mutual information
  • weight-bearing knee


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