Expression of ectonucleotidase CD39 contributes to the suppressive activity of Foxp3 + regulatory T cells (Tregs) by hydrolyzing immunogenic ATP into AMP. The molecular mechanism that drives CD39 expression on Tregs remains elusive. We found that tumor-infiltrating Tregs (Ti-Tregs) failed to up-regulate CD39 in mice lacking EBI3 subunit of IL-27 or IL-27Ra. Mixed bone marrow chimera and in vitro studies showed that IL-27 signaling in Tregs directly drives CD39 expression on Ti-Tregs in a STAT1-dependent, but STAT3- and T-bet–independent, manner. Tregs stimulated with IL-27 showed enhanced suppressive activities against CD8 + T cell responses in vitro. Moreover, IL-27Ra–deficient Tregs and STAT1-deficient Tregs were less efficient than WT Tregs in suppressing antitumor immunity in vivo. CD39 inhibition significantly abolished IL-27–induced suppressive activities of Tregs. Thus, IL-27 signaling in Tregs critically contributes to protumorigenic properties of Tregs via up-regulation of CD39.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - 19 Feb 2019|
- Regulatory T cell
- Tumor immunity