Identification Using Frontal Sinus by Three-Dimensional Reconstruction from Computed Tomography

Deog Im Kim, U. Young Lee, Sang Ouk Park, Dae Soon Kwak, Seung Ho Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Scopus citations


Radiographs and computed tomography (CT) images have been increasingly applied and accepted in forensic sciences. Along with radiographs and CT images, the frontal sinus is often used for the individual identification because of its unique and unchangeable characteristics. The purpose of this study is to define the usefulness of three-dimensional (3-D) images of the frontal sinus for identification. CT images from 119 Korean cadavers were built up for 3-D reconstruction and surveyed with 15 measurements. The total volume of the sinus, some nonmetric characteristics, and the bilateral asymmetry index in men differed significantly from those in women (p<0.05). The digit codes, six sections and 10-digit number, were almost able to accurately identify individuals (98%). This study showed a statistical difference between the sexes and classified the fused and prominent middle sinuses for the first time. This proposed method for identification is more accurate than those used in other studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-12
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Forensic Sciences
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2013


  • Computed tomography
  • Forensic anthropology
  • Forensic science
  • Frontal sinus
  • Identification
  • Korean
  • Three-dimension


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