The responses to ionizing radiation (IR) in tumors are dependent on cellular context. We investigated radiation-related expression patterns in Jurkat T cells with nonsense mutation in p53 using cDNA microarray. Expression of 2400 genes in γ-irradiated cells was distinct from other stimulations like anti-CD3, phetohemagglutinin (PHA) and concanavalin A (ConA) in unsupervised clustering analysis. Among them, 384 genes were selected for their IR-specific changes to make 'RadChip'. In spite of p53 status, every type of cells showed similar patterns in expression of these genes upon γ-radiation. Moreover, radiation-induced responses were clearly separated from the responses to other genotoxic stress like UV radiation, cisplatin and doxorubicin. We focused on two IR-related genes, phospholipase Cγ2 (PLCG2) and cytosolic epoxide hydrolase (EPHX2), which were increased at 12 h after γ-radiation in RT-PCR. TPCK could suppress the induction of these two genes in either of Jurkat T cells and PBMCs, which might suggest the transcriptional regulation of PLCG2 and EPHX2 by NF-κB upon γ-radiation. From these results, we could identify the IR-specific genes from expression profiling, which can be used as radiation biomarkers to screen radiation exposure as well as probing the mechanism of cellular responses to ionizing radiation.
- CDNA microarray
- Cytoplasmic epoxide hydrolase
- Phospholipase Cγ2