To investigate ionizing radiation response, we screened genes that exhibit higher expression following γ irradiation. We report here the isolation and functional characterization of a novel ionizing radiation-induced gene, AEN. Sequence analysis of AEN revealed exonuclease domain highly similar to that of exonuclease III. The AEN protein revealed DNase activity by cleaving various DNA substrates. Subcellular distribution of AEN exhibited nuclear colocalization with apoptotic nucleases such as CAD and AIF following irradiation. Moreover AEN distribution revealed perinuclear staining pattern which could be seen with other apoptotic nucleases. Irradiation of AEN-expressing cells resulted in synergistic increase of apoptosis whereas AEN deletion mutant in exonuclease domain did not. Our data, thus, suggest that radiation-induced AEN cleaves DNA in concert with other apoptotic nucleases and thereby enhances apoptosis following ionizing irradiation.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - 11 Nov 2005|
- Apoptosis enhancing nuclease
- Ionizing radiation
- Radiation response