## Abstract

Gompf proposed a conjecture on Cappell-Shaneson matrices whose affirmative answer implies that all Cappell-Shaneson homotopy 4-spheres are diffeomorphic to the standard 4-sphere. We study Gompf conjecture on Cappell-Shaneson matrices using various algebraic number theoretic techniques. We find a hidden symmetry between trace n Cappell-Shaneson matrices and trace 5−n Cappell-Shaneson matrices which was suggested by Gompf experimentally. Using this symmetry, we prove that Gompf conjecture for the trace n case is equivalent to the trace 5 − n case. We confirm Gompf conjecture for the special cases that −64 ≤ trace ≤ 69 and corresponding Cappell-Shaneson homotopy 4- spheres are diffeomorphic to the standard 4-sphere. We also give a new infinite family of Cappell-Shaneson spheres which are diffeomorphic to the standard 4-sphere.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 373-411 |

Number of pages | 39 |

Journal | Kyungpook Mathematical Journal |

Volume | 63 |

Issue number | 3 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 2023 |

### Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:© Kyungpook Mathematical Journal

## Keywords

- Cappell-Shaneson homotopy 4-spheres
- Ideal class monoids