Cystitis is a chronic bladder pain associated with frequency and nocturia. In the present study, Icariin a prenylated flavonoid extracted from Epimedium koreanum, was investigated against cyclophosphamide (CYP)-induced cystitis pain in mice model. Preliminarily in an acute model, single dose of CYP (150 mg/kg; i.p) was administered followed by Icariin (5, 25 and 50 mg/kg, i.p.). The visceral sensitivity and nociceptive behaviors were significantly ameliorated by pretreatment with Icariin (25, 50 mg/kg) that were assessed by spontaneous pain scoring, von Frey test and clinical scoring. Further, in chronic model Icariin (25 mg/kg, i.p.) was administered for 10 consecutive days prior to CYP (75 mg/kg; i.p) challenged every 3rd day for the duration of 10 days. Icariin not only had a protective effect on edema including bladder wet weight and hemorrhage but also had a potential to reduce vascular permeability, mast cells infiltration and tissue fibrosis. Evidently, Icariin prevented the neutrophilia/lymphopenia caused by CYP, and markedly improved the antioxidant enzymes level including superoxide dismutase, glutathione sulfo-transferase, catalase, glutathione level and reduced Malondialdehyde level, myeloperoxidase activity and nitric oxide, and also decreased the production of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) in bladder. Icariin markedly enhanced the Nrf-2, heme oxygenase (HO-1) and IкB-α expression, while attenuated the expression level of Keap1, TLR-4, NF-кB, i-NOS, COX-2 and TRPV1 as compared to negative group. This research illustrated the anti-inflammatory properties of Icariin and effectively improved CYP-induced cystitis pain.
- Cystitis pain
- Oxidative stress and uro-protection