Hyperuricemia and deterioration of renal function in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease

Miyeun Han, Hayne Cho Park, Hyunsuk Kim, Hyung Ah Jo, Hyuk Huh, Joon Young Jang, Ah Young Kang, Seung Hyup Kim, Hae Il Cheong, Duk Hee Kang, Jaeseok Yang, Kook Hwan Oh, Young Hwan Hwang, Curie Ahn

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18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The role of hyperuricemia in disease progression of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) has not been defined well. We investigated the association of serum uric acid (sUA) with renal function and the effect of hypouricemic treatment on the rate of renal function decline. Methods. This is a single-center, retrospective, observational cohort study. A total of 365 patients with ADPKD who had estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥ 15 mL/min/1.73 m2 and who were followed up for > 1 year were included in our analysis. Hyperuricemia was defined by a sUA level of ≥ 7.0 mg/dL in male and ≥ 6.0 mg/dL in female or when hypouricemic medications were prescribed. Results: Hyperuricemia was associated with reduced initial eGFR, independent of age, sex, hypertension, albuminuria, and total kidney volume. During a median follow-up period of over 6 years, patients with hyperuricemia showed a faster annual decline in eGFR (-6.3% per year vs. -0.9% per year, p = 0.008). However, after adjusting for age, sex, hypertension and initial eGFR, sUA was no longer associated with either annual eGFR decline or the development of ESRD. Among 53 patients who received hypouricemic treatment, the annual eGFR decline appeared to be attenuated after hypouricemic treatment (pretreatment vs. posttreatment: -5.3 ± 8. 2 vs. 0.2 ± 6.2 mL/min/1.73 m2 per year, p = 0.001 by Wilcoxon signed-rank test). Conclusions: Although hyperuricemia was associated with reduced eGFR, it was not an independent factor for renal progression in ADPKD. However, the correction of hyperuricemia may attenuate renal function decline in some patients with mild renal insufficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Article number63
JournalBMC Nephrology
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 16 Apr 2014

Keywords

  • Autosomal dominant
  • Glomerular filtration rate
  • Hyperuricemia
  • Polycystic kidney
  • Uric acid

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