Hollow SnO2 spheres with oriented cone-like SnO2 nanoparticle shells were synthesized by a one-step hydrothermal process using NaF as the morphology controlling agent. The resulting hollow SnO2 sphere electrode exhibits high reversible capacity (initial charge and discharge capacities of 1342.9 and 1947.6 mAh/g at 0.1 C and 1235.4 and 1741.3 mAh/g at 1 C) and good cycling stability (discharge capacities maintained 758.1 and 449.6 mAh/g after 100 cycles at 0.1 C and 1 C, respectively). Good rate performance was also obtained (1234.5 mAh/g at 0.1 C, 884.2 mAh/g at 0.2 C, 692.4 mAh/g at 0.5 C, 497.6 mAh/g at 1 C, 315.8 mAh/g at 2 C and 80.6 mAh/g at 5 C, and more importantly, when the current density returns to 0.1 C, a capacity of 869.6 mAh/g can be recovered. The observed electrochemical performance can attributed to the hollow structure, the use of NaF for morphology control and the unique oriented cone-like shell of the particles.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Materials Research Bulletin|
|State||Published - Dec 2017|
- Electrochemical properties