Effects of hyaluronic acid (HA) on allergic inflammation were investigated. HA exerted negative effects on β-hexoaminidase secretion and histamine release in antigen-stimulated rat basophilic leukemia (RBL2H3) cells. HA inhibited interaction between IgE and FcεRI and between FcεRI and PKCδ. HA inhibited CD44 interaction with PKCα, indicating that HA targets CD44. PKCα and -δ were responsible for increased Rac1 activity and expression of p47phox, p67phox. HA inhibited phosphorylation of PKCα and -δ. Rac1 was responsible for increased ROS, and NADPH oxidase was the main source for ROS. The inhibition of PKC prevented antigen from increasing phosphorylation of ERK and p38 MAPK. ERK, p38 MAPK, and ROS, were responsible for secretion of β-hexosaminidase, histamine release, and induction of chemokines. HA suppressed induction of chemokines, such as MIP-2 and Sprr-2a. CD44 mediated effect of antigen on phosphorylation of ERK, p38MAPK, ROS production, secretion of β-hexosaminidase, and histamine release. GPCR did not mediate allergic function of antigen or affect anti-allergic function of HA. In vivo anti-allergic effect of HA was investigated using Nc/Nga mice model of DNFB-induced atopic dermatitis. HA reduced skin lesions in Nc/Nga mice treated with DNFB, decreased expression levels of MIP-2, Sprr-2a, and serum IgE level. In conclusion, hyaluronic acid exerts negative effect on allergic inflammation by targeting CD44 and inhibiting FcεRI signaling.
- Anti-allergic effect