We investigated the quantitative effect and risk factors for over-release during multiple needle puncturing (MNP) for medial gap balancing in varus total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Of the ten pairs of cadaveric knees, one knee from each pair was randomly assigned to undergo MNP in extension (E group), while the other knee underwent MNP in flexion (F group). The increased extension and 90° flexion gaps after every five needle punctures were measured until over-release occurred. The extension gap (< 4. mm) and the 90° flexion gap (< 6. mm) gradually increased in both groups. The 90° flexion gaps increased more selectively than did the extension gaps. MNP in the flexed knee, a narrow MCL, and severe osteoarthritis were associated with a smaller number of MNPs required to over-release.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Arthroplasty|
|State||Published - 1 Dec 2014|
- Gap balancing
- Medial collateral ligament
- Multiple needle puncturing
- Total knee arthroplasty