Host–Guest Interlocked Complex Binder for Silicon–Graphite Composite Electrodes in Lithium Ion Batteries

Jaemin Kim, Jewon Choi, Kiho Park, Sungchan Kim, Kwan Woo Nam, Kookheon Char, Jang Wook Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Maximizing the energy density of a lithium-ion battery cell by increasing the silicon content in the silicon–graphite (Si–Gr) composite anode is an ongoing research topic that is receiving much attention. However, the paradoxical surface characteristics of Si and Gr make it challenging to uniformly distribute the electrode components and maintain their adhesion during cycling accompanied with the immense volume change of Si. Here, an amphiphilic, tightly interlocked host–guest complex binder composed of pyrene-conjugated poly(acrylic acid) (Py-PAA) and a hyperbranched γ-cyclodextrin polymer (γ CDp) is reported. The pyrene unit of Py-PAA not only endows enhanced affinity to the Gr surface but also serves as a guest molecule capable of interlocking with the γ CDp host. This highly effective host–guest interaction sustains the integrity of the electrode to enable superior cycling performance and rate capability for Si–Gr electrodes with commercial-level areal capacity. This study shows that hierarchical, multifunctional supramolecular binders of two kinds can offer improved battery performance for emerging high-capacity electrodes consisting of components with different surface characteristics compared to conventional binders of a single kind.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2103718
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Volume12
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 17 Mar 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
J.K. and J.C. contributed equally to this work. J.W.C. acknowledges financial support from a National Research Foundation of Korea grant (NRF‐2021R1A2B5B03001956, and NRF‐2021M3H4A3A02086210) and generous support from the Institute of Engineering Research (IOER), Research Institute of Advanced Materials (RIAM), and Inter‐university Semiconductor Research Center (ISRC) at Seoul National University.

Funding Information:
J.K. and J.C. contributed equally to this work. J.W.C. acknowledges financial support from a National Research Foundation of Korea grant (NRF-2021R1A2B5B03001956, and NRF-2021M3H4A3A02086210) and generous support from the Institute of Engineering Research (IOER), Research Institute of Advanced Materials (RIAM), and Inter-university Semiconductor Research Center (ISRC) at Seoul National University.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Wiley-VCH GmbH

Keywords

  • amphiphilicity
  • cyclodextrin
  • polymeric binders
  • pyrene
  • supramolecular chemistry

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