Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) affects a substantial proportion of the world population, and its prevalence has been increasing. The study was aimed at evaluating the prevalence and peri-transplant risk factors for post-liver transplantation (LT) NAFLD. A retrospective review was performed for adult recipients who underwent late protocol biopsy (>1 yr after LT) between August 2010 and December 2012. Hepatic steatosis was reviewed and graded by hepatopathologists, and the peri-transplant factors were analyzed for relationships to histologically proven NAFLD. Total 166 biopsies had been performed in 156 recipients. NAFLD was present in 27.1% at a mean period of 35.4 months between LT and biopsy, moderate and severe steatosis (≥33%) consisted of 28.9%. In multivariate analysis, pre-LT alcoholic cirrhosis (odds ratio [OR] 8.031, p = 0.003), obesity at biopsy (OR 3.873, p = 0.001), and preexisting donor graft steatosis (OR 3.147, p = 0.022) were significant risk factors for post-LT NAFLD. In conclusion, NAFLD represented a considerable portion of recipients, but this prevalence was not higher than those for general population. Three risk factors were significantly related to post-LT NAFLD, and recipients with those factors should be monitored for NAFLD. Furthermore, possible progression to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) or fibrosis and metabolic syndrome should be considered in future studies.
- Hepatic steatosis