Histologically confirmed distant metastatic urothelial carcinoma from the urinary bladder: A retrospective review of one institution's 20-year experience

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Urothelial carcinoma (UC) accounts for roughly 90% of bladder cancer, and has a high propensity for diverse differentiation. Recently, certain histologic variants of UC have been recognized to be associated with unfavorable clinical outcomes. Several UC studies have also suggested that tumor budding is a poor prognostic marker. Distant metastasis of UC after radical cystectomy is not uncommon. However, these metastatic lesions are not routinely confirmed with histology. Methods: We investigated the histopathologic features of 13 cases of UC with biopsy-proven distant metastases, with a special emphasis on histologic variants and tumor budding. Results: Lymph nodes (6/13, 46%) were the most common metastatic sites, followed by the lung (4/13, 31%), liver (4/13, 31%), and the adrenal gland (2/13, 15%). The histologic variants including squamous (n = 1), micropapillary (n = 4), and plasmacytoid (n = 1) variants in five cases of UC. Most histologic variants (4/5, 80%) of primary UCs appeared in the metastatic lesions. In contrast, high-grade tumor budding was detected in six cases (46%), including one case of non-muscle invasive UC. Our study demonstrates that histologic variants are not uncommonly detected in distant metastatic UCs. Most histologic variants seen in primary UCs persist in the distant metastatic lesions. In addition, high-grade tumor budding, which occurs frequently in primary tumors, may contribute to the development of distant metastasis. Conclusions: Therefore, assessing the presence or absence of histologic variants and tumor budding in UCs of the urinary bladder, even in non-muscle invasive UCs, may be useful to predict distant metastasis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)94-101
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
Volume55
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Bladder neoplasms
  • Distant metastasis
  • Histologic variant
  • Tumor budding
  • Urothelial carcinoma

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Histologically confirmed distant metastatic urothelial carcinoma from the urinary bladder: A retrospective review of one institution's 20-year experience'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this