Highly Efficient Method for the Synthesis of Activated Mesoporous Biocarbons with Extremely High Surface Area for High-Pressure CO2 Adsorption

Gurwinder Singh, Kripal S. Lakhi, In Young Kim, Sungho Kim, Prashant Srivastava, Ravi Naidu, Ajayan Vinu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

89 Scopus citations

Abstract

A simple and efficient way to synthesize activated mesoporous biocarbons (AMBs) with extremely high BET surface area and large pore volume has been achieved for the first time through a simple solid state activation of freely available biomass, Arundo donax, with zinc chloride. The textural parameters of the AMB can easily be controlled by varying the activation temperature. It is demonstrated that the mesoporosity of AMB can be finely tuned with a simple adjustment of the amount of activating agent. AMB with almost 100% mesoporosity can be achieved using the activating agent and the biomass ratio of 5 and carbonization at 500 °C. Under the optimized conditions, AMB with a BET surface area of 3298 m2 g-1 and a pore volume of 1.9 cm3 g-1 can be prepared. While being used as an adsorbent for CO2 capture, AMB registers an impressively high pressure CO2 adsorption capacity of 30.2 mmol g-1 at 30 bar which is much higher than that of activated carbon (AC), multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), highly ordered mesoporous carbons, and mesoporous carbon nitrides. AMB also shows high stability with excellent regeneration properties under vacuum and temperatures of up to 250 °C. These impressive textural parameters and high CO2 adsorption capacity of AMB clearly reveal its potential as a promising adsorbent for high-pressure CO2 capture and storage application. Also, the simple one-step synthesis strategy outlined in this work would provide a pathway to generate a series of novel mesoporous activated biocarbons from different biomasses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29782-29793
Number of pages12
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume9
Issue number35
DOIs
StatePublished - 6 Sep 2017

Keywords

  • activated biocarbon
  • Arundo donax
  • CO adsorption
  • mesoporous
  • microporous
  • one-step solid state activation

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