Highly single-crystalline ruthenium dioxide (RuO2) nanoneedles were successfully grown on polycrystalline electrospun titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanofibers for the first time by a combination of thermal annealing and electrospinning from RuO2 and TiO2 precursors. Single-crystalline RuO2 nanoneedles with relatively small dimensions and a high density on electrospun TiO2 nanofibers are the key feature. The general electrochemical activities of RuO2 nanoneedles-TiO2 nanofibers and Ru(OH)3-TiO2 nanofibers toward the reduction of [Fe(CN)6]3- were carefully examined by cyclic voltammetry carried out at various scan rates; the results indicated favorable charge-transfer kinetics of [Fe(CN)6]3- reduction via a diffusion-controlled process. Additionally, a test of the analytical performance of the RuO2 nanoneedles-TiO2 nanofibers for the detection of a biologically important molecule, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), indicated a high sensitivity (390.1 ± 14.9 μA mM-1 cm-2 for H2O2 oxidation and 53.8 ± 1.07 μA mM-1 cm-2 for the reduction), a low detection limit (1 μM), and a wide linear range (1-1000 μM), indicating H2O2 detection performance better than or comparable to that of other sensing systems.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces|
|State||Published - 22 Jul 2015|
- HO electrochemical reaction
- ruthenium oxide
- titanium oxide