High tcsuperconducting multilayers for squid magnetometers

John Clarke, J. J. Kingston, A. H. Miklich, F. C. Wellstood, K. Char, M. S. Colclough, L. P. Lee, G. Zaharchuk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Thin-film multilayers of YBajCujO (YBCO) and insulating materials such as SrTi03, MgO and Ce02are grown in situ by laser deposition. Appropriate multilayers are used to produce bi-epitaxial grain boundary Josephson junctions, insulating crossovers -two overlapping YBCO films with an intervening inulating film, and superconducting vias -a superconducting connection between the two YBCO films via a window in the insulator. The bi-epitaxial junctions are incorporated in d.c. SQUIDs (Superconducting QUantum Interference Devices), and the crossovers and vias enable one to fabricate superconducting, multiturn flux transformers. Coupled together, the SQUID and flux transformer form a magnetometer that, operating in liquid nitrogen, has achieved a sensitivity of 0.6pT H-1/.2at 10Hz. We have used such a magnetometer to obtain magnetocardiograms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-56
Number of pages6
JournalPhysica Scripta
Issue numberT42
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1992


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