High pretransplant FGF23 level is associated with persistent vitamin D insufficiency and poor graft survival in kidney transplant patients

Jung Hwa Ryu, Hee Jung Jeon, Ro Han, Hee Yeon Jung, Myung Gyu Kim, Kyu Ha Huh, Jae Berm Park, Kyung Pyo Kang, Seungyeup Han, Jaeseok Yang

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Abstract

Vitamin D3 (25[OH]D3) insufficiency and fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) elevation are usually attenuated after kidney transplantation (KT). However, elevated FGF23 may be associated with poor graft outcomes and vitamin D insufficiency after KT. This study investigated the effect of pretransplant FGF23 levels on post-KT 25(OH)D3 status and graft outcomes. Serum FGF23 levels from 400 participants of the KoreaN Cohort Study for Outcome in Patients With Kidney Transplantation were measured. Annual serum 25(OH)D3 levels, all-cause mortality, cardiovascular event, and graft survival were assessed according to baseline FGF23 levels. Serum 25(OH)D3 levels were initially increased 1 year after KT (12.6 ± 7.4 vs. 22.6 ± 6.4 ng/mL). However, the prevalence of post-KT vitamin D deficiency increased again after post-KT 3 years (79.1% at baseline, 30.8% and 37.8% at 3 and 6 years, respectively). Serum FGF23 level was decreased 3 years post-KT. When participants were categorized into tertiles according to baseline FGF23 level (low, middle, high), 25(OH)D3 level in the low FGF23 group was persistently low at a median follow-up of 8.3 years. Furthermore, high baseline FGF23 level was a risk factor for poor graft survival (HR 5.882, 95% C.I.; 1.443–23.976, P = 0.013). Elevated FGF23 levels are associated with persistently low post-transplant vitamin D levels and poor graft survival.

Original languageEnglish
Article number19640
JournalScientific Reports
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2023

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