Hierarchical CoTiO3 microrods on Ti3C2Tx MXene heterostructure as an efficient sonocatalyst for bisphenol A degradation

Karunamoorthy Saravanakumar, Aqsa Fayyaz, Soyoung Park, Yeomin Yoon, Young Mo Kim, Chang Min Park

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28 Scopus citations


One-dimensional CoTiO3 microrods decorated on two-dimensional layered MXene nanosheets (CoT@MX) were synthesized via a facile liquid self-assembly method for use in bisphenol A (BPA) degradation. Different characterization techniques were adopted to investigate their structure, chemical state, morphology, and optical properties. The results revealed that the CoT@MX heterostructure was successfully fabricated with strong interface contact and an intimate interaction between CoTiO3 and MXene, which significantly boosted the sonocatalytic activity compared to that of sole CoTiO3 and MXene. In particular, the CoT@MX (1:0.5) nanocomposite displayed an excellent sonocatalytic performance, and its removal efficiency for BPA was 96.9% within 90 min. The influence of various reaction factors, including the catalyst dosage, initial concentration of BPA, operational pH, ultrasonic power, water matrix, and effects of coexisting ions, during BPA degradation was investigated systemically. The MXene nanosheets could provide new surface-active sites, which were conducive to the interaction between the catalyst and BPA pollutant molecules. Furthermore, the quenching tests and electron spin resonance analysis revealed that [rad]OH and O2[rad]− jointly contributed to BPA degradation. Finally, the feasible sonocatalytic reaction mechanism of CoT@MX was elucidated.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117740
JournalJournal of Molecular Liquids
StatePublished - 15 Dec 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier B.V.


  • Bisphenol A degradation
  • CoTiO@MXene
  • Sonocatalyst
  • Ultrasonic vibration


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