The present study investigated the prevalence of obesity and the associated health conditions of multiethnic Asian female immigrants in Korea. Data were collected from 2246 immigrant wives in 7 largest ethnic groups in a national health examination program. The mean body mass index was 21.9 ± 3.3 kg/m2. Prevalence of obesity (body mass index ≥25 kg/m2) among immigrant women was 15.4%. Age-adjusted prevalence of obesity varied among groups by native country (from 10.4% for Japanese to 36.3% for Thai women). The likelihood of obesity significantly increased with years of residence in Korea (odds ratio [OR] = 1.44 for 5.0-9.9 years; 1.85 for ≥10 years), physical inactivity (OR = 1.84), and eating spicy and/or salty food (OR = 1.45). Prevalence of chronic health conditions also differed by country of origin. Significant associations were observed between obesity and elevated blood pressure (OR = 1.87), obesity and elevated cholesterol level (OR = 2.83), and obesity and prediabetes/diabetes (OR = 2.44) after adjusting for age, country of origin, and years of residence in Korea.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2012 APJPH.
- Asian female immigrants
- cardiovascular risks
- chronic health conditions