Hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP) patients of Korean ancestry with chromosome 17p11.2-p12 deletion

Seung Min Kim, Ki Wha Chung, Byung Ok Choi, Eui Soo Yoon, Jung Young Choi, Kee Duk Park, Nam Il Sunwoo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP) is an autosomal dominant inherited disorder characterized by recurrent pressure palsies. Most HNPP patients have a 1.5 mb deletion in chromosome 17p11.2-p12. The present study aimed at evaluating the deletion of the 17p11.2-p12 region in Korean subjects with families exhibiting HNPP phenotype, and to determine the clinical, electrophysiological and morphological aspects specifically associated with this deletion in HNPP patients. By genotyping six microsatellite markers (D17S921, D17S955, D17S1358, D17S839, D17S122 and D17S261), HNPP with the deletion was observed in 79% (19 of 24) of HNPP families. Nerve conduction studies were performed in 35 HNPP patients from these 19 families. The observed HNPP deletion frequency in Koreans is consistent with findings in other populations. Disease onset occurred at a significantly earlier age in patients with recurrent pressure palsies than in those with a single attack (P < 0.01). Nerve conduction studies demonstrated diffuse mild to moderate slowing of nerve conduction velocities that were worse over the common entrapment sites, regardless of the clinical manifestations. A long duration of compound muscle action potentials without a conduction block or a temporal dispersion is a characteristic of this disease. A sural nerve biopsy with teasing was performed in four patients, and tomacula of the myelin sheath was found in 55.4%. Our findings appear to support the existence of a phenotype/genotype correlation in HNPP patients of Korean ancestry with the deletion, and suggest that HNPP patients with earlier symptom onset face an increased chance of having recurrent attacks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-35
Number of pages8
JournalExperimental and Molecular Medicine
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 29 Feb 2004

Keywords

  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease
  • Genotype
  • Hereditary motor and sensory neuropathies
  • Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuroplathies
  • Microsatellite repeats

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