Hepatic CYP2B10 is highly induced by binge ethanol and contributes to acute-on-chronic alcohol-induced liver injury

Bryan Mackowiak, Mingjiang Xu, Yuhong Lin, Yukun Guan, Wonhyo Seo, Ruixue Ren, Dechun Feng, Jace W. Jones, Hongbing Wang, Bin Gao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The chronic-plus-binge model of ethanol consumption, where chronically (8-week) ethanol-fed mice are gavaged a single dose of ethanol (E8G1), is known to induce steatohepatitis in mice. However, how chronically ethanol-fed mice respond to multiple binges of ethanol remains unknown. Methods: We extended the E8G1 model to three gavages of ethanol (E8G3) spaced 24 h apart, sacrificed each group 9 h after the final gavage, analyzed liver injury, and examined gene expression changes using microarray analyses in each group to identify mechanisms contributing to liver responses to binge ethanol. Results: Surprisingly, E8G3 treatment induced lower levels of liver injury, steatosis, inflammation, and fibrosis as compared to mice after E8G1 treatment. Microarray analyses identified several pathways that may contribute to the reduced liver injury after E8G3 treatment compared to E8G1 treatment. The gene encoding cytochrome P450 2B10 (Cyp2b10) was one of the top upregulated genes in the E8G1 group and was further upregulated in the E8G3 group, but only moderately induced after chronic ethanol consumption, as confirmed by RT-qPCR and western blot analyses. Genetic disruption of Cyp2b10 worsened liver injury in E8G1 and E8G3 mice with higher blood ethanol levels compared to wild-type control mice, while in vitro experiments revealed that CYP2b10 did not directly promote ethanol metabolism. Metabolomic analyses revealed significant differences in hepatic metabolites from E8G1-treated Cyp2b10 knockout and WT mice, and these metabolic alterations may contribute to the reduced liver injury in Cyp2b10 knockout mice. Conclusion: Hepatic Cyp2b10 expression is highly induced after ethanol binge, and such upregulation reduces acute-on-chronic ethanol-induced liver injury via the indirect modification of ethanol metabolism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2163-2176
Number of pages14
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume46
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Research Society on Alcoholism. This article has been contributed to by U.S. Government employees and their work is in the public domain in the USA.

Keywords

  • Cyp2b
  • binge
  • cyp2b10
  • ethanol
  • liver

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