Heparin-free veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in a multiple trauma patient: A case report

Youn Young Lee, Hee Jung Baik, Heeseung Lee, Chi Hyo Kim, Rack Kyung Chung, Jong In Han, Hyunyoung Joo, Jae Hee Woo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rationale:Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in multiple trauma patients with post-traumatic respiratory failure can be quite challenging because of the need for systemic anticoagulation, which may lead to excessive bleeding. In the last decade, there is a growing body of evidence that veno-venous ECMO (VV-ECMO) is lifesaving in multiple trauma patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome, thanks to technical improvements in ECMO devices.Patient concerns:We report a case of a 17-year-old multiple trauma patient who was drunken and had confused mentality.Diagnoses:She was suffered from critical respiratory failure (life-threatening hypoxemia and severe hypercapnia/acidosis lasting for 70 minutes) accompanied by cardiac arrest and trauma-induced coagulopathy during general anesthesia.Interventions:We decided to start heparin-free VV-ECMO after cardiac arrest considering risk of hemorrhage.Outcomes:She survived with no neurologic sequelae after immediate treatment with heparin-free VV-ECMO.Lessons:Heparin-free VV-ECMO can be used as a resuscitative therapy in multiple trauma patients with critical respiratory failure accompanied by coagulopathy. Even in cases in which life-threatening hypoxemia and severe hypercapnia/acidosis last for >1 hours during CPR for cardiac arrest, VV-ECMO could be considered a potential lifesaving treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E19070
JournalMedicine (United States)
Volume99
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 6 Jan 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • acute respiratory failure
  • extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
  • heparin
  • trauma

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