Health-Promoting Lifestyle Behaviors of Korean American Breast Cancer Survivors: Adherence to the American Cancer Society Guidelines

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Abstract

Background Breast cancer incidence has been increasing in Korean American women. However, there are limited data on Korean American breast cancer survivors' health-promoting lifestyle behaviors. The American Cancer Society (ACS) publishes guidelines on weight, diet, physical activity, and alcohol for cancer survivors. Because of limited data on Korean American breast cancer survivors, their level of adherence to ACS guidelines is unknown. Objective The aim of this study was to examine Korean American breast cancer survivors' level of adherence to ACS guidelines. Methods Korean American breast cancer survivors (N = 50) participated in a cross-sectional study. Diet data including alcohol consumption were collected with 4-day diet records. Physical activity data were collected with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Total score of adherence to ACS guidelines was assessed with a systematic scoring system that ranged from 0 to 8. Results Participants' average body mass index was 23.7 (±2.7). Average daily serving of fruits and vegetables was 3.3 (±2.9), red meat was 0.8 (±1.5), and alcohol was 0. On average per week, participants had 51.8 (±85.2) minutes of moderate physical activity, 35 (±78.3) minutes of vigorous physical activity, and 69.1 (±73.7) minutes of walking. The average total adherence score to ACS guidelines was 5.3 (±1.3). Conclusions Findings indicate modest adherence to ACS guidelines, with the alcohol guideline score contributing the most and diet guideline score the least. Implications for Practice Findings from this study can be used to inform healthcare providers to educate Korean American breast cancer survivors on improving their diet and physical activity behaviors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)252-258
Number of pages7
JournalCancer Nursing
Volume46
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • American Cancer Society
  • Breast cancer survivors
  • Guidelines
  • Korean American

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