Graphene-containing nanomaterials have emerged as important candidates for electrode materials in lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) due to their unique physical properties. In this review, a brief introduction to recent developments in graphene-containing nanocomposite electrodes and their derivatives is provided. Subsequently, synthetic routes to nanoparticle/graphene composites and their electrochemical performance in LIBs are highlighted, and the current state-of-the-art and most recent advances in the area of graphene-containing nanocomposite electrode materials are summarized. The limitations of graphene-containing materials for energy storage applications are also discussed, with an emphasis on anode and cathode materials. Potential research directions for the future development of graphene-containing nanocomposites are also presented, with an emphasis placed on practicality and scale-up considerations for taking such materials from benchtop curiosities to commercial products.
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© 2015 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
- lithium-ion batteries