Synapsin I is believed to be involved in regulating neurotransmitter release and in synapse formation. Its interactions with the actin filaments and synaptic vesicles are regulated by phosphorylation. Because exocytosis and synapsin I phosphorylation are a Ca2+-dependent process, it is possible that an ischemic insult modifies the presynaptic proteins. However, the neuronal damage and the changes in synapsin I as well as its phosphorylation level as a result of glucose/oxygen deprivation (GOD) and reperfusion in organotypic hippocampal slice cultures have not been established. In this study, the level of synapsin I and phosphosynapsin was measured in organotypic hippocampal slice cultures in order to determine the role of synapsin I in the presynaptic nerve terminals during GOD/reperfusion. Propidium iodide fluorescence was observed in the CA1 area after GOD for 30 min, which could be detected in the whole pyramidal cell layer during reperfusion for 24 h. The immunofluorescence of the neuron specific nuclear protein, NeuN, showed a negative correlation with the PI fluorescence. During GOD/reperfusion, the immunofluorescence of synapsin I increased in the stratum radiatum and the stratum oriens of the CA1 area and the stratum lucidum and the stratum oriens of the CA3 area. The phosphosynapsin level evidently increased in the stratum lucidum of the CA3 area after GOD for 30 min, which was reduced to the control level after reperfusion. These results suggested that the neuronal damage and degenerations were observed as a result of GOD/reperfusion and the increase in synapsin I and its phosphorylation might play a role in modulating the release of neurotransmitters via exocytosis and in the formation of new synapses after brain ischemia.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by grants from Ministry of Health and Social Affairs in Korea (HMP-99-N-01-0001, 1999-2001).
- Glucose/oxygen deprivation
- Organotypic hippocampal slice culture
- Synapsin I