Glucocorticoids are highly effective in the control of many inflammatory and immune diseases. Despite the importance of glucocorticoids in suppressing immune and inflammatory responses, the molecular basis for the inhibitory effect of glucocorticoids on mucin overproduction, a hallmark of chronic respiratory diseases, still remains unclear. Here we show that glucocorticoids markedly inhibit up-regulation of MUC5AC induced by NTHi, a major human bacterial pathogen causing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and otitis media. Inhibition of NTHi-induced MUC5AC expression by dexamethasone occurs at the level of p38 MAPK via glucocorticoid receptor. Moreover, glucocorticoids up-regulate MKP-1 expression, which in turn leads to p38 dephosphorylation and the subsequent inhibition of NTHi-induced MUC5AC expression. These studies provide new insight into the molecular mechanism underlying glucocorticoid therapy and may lead to novel therapeutic intervention for inhibiting mucin overproduction in patients with NTHi infections.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - 19 Dec 2008|
- MUC5AC mucin
- Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae
- p38 MAPK