Getting to school on your own: the correlates of independence and modes of active school travel

Jong Seon Lee, Yunmi Park, Tae Hyoung Tommy Gim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Young people’s decreased active and independent travel to schools has prompted many countries to devise various policies, initiatives, and programs to counter the associated health detriments. Meanwhile, scholarly studies have identified how children were walking and biking to school benefits physical and mental health, social and cognitive development, and local government finances. Contributing to the broader spectrum of academic research concerning active travel to school, this study explored independent and active school-travel correlates and analyzed the difference between walking and biking. Survey responses from 367 children in North Carolina indicated that walking was sensitive to mixed land use and positive utility while biking was more connected to physical settings. Perceived environmental safety influenced independent active travel, indicating the need for future programs and initiatives to take different actions when targeting modes and independence of active travel to school.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1430-1443
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The paper is based on the first author’s unpublished dissertation entitled “The Association of Urban Form and Design with Children’s Physical Activity and Active Travel” and was supported by the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Korea and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2021S1A3A2A01087370).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group on behalf of the Architectural Institute of Japan, Architectural Institute of Korea and Architectural Society of China.


  • Independent active travel to school
  • mixed land use
  • neighborhood design
  • positive utility
  • sidewalks
  • subjective safety settings


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