Genetic polymorphisms of ataxia telangiectasia mutated and breast cancer risk

Kyoung Mu Lee, Ji Yeob Choi, Kyung Park Sue, Hye Won Chung, Byungchan Ahn, Keun Young Yoo, Wonshik Han, Dong Young Noh, Sei Hyun Ahn, Ho Kim, Qingyi Wei, Daehee Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

To evaluate the role of genetic polymorphisms of ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) in the etiology of breast cancer, a hospital-based case-control study was conducted in Korea. Nine-hundred ninety-six histologically confirmed incident breast cancer cases and 1,181 cancer-free controls were recruited in Seoul between 1995 and 2003. Genotypes of the ATM polymorphisms-5144A>T, IVS21+1049T>C, IVS33-55T>C, IVS34+60G>A, and 3393T>G were determined by the 5′-nuclease assay. Individual haplotypes were estimated from genotype data by a Bayesian method. Five ATM alleles were found to be in strong linkage disequilibrium (D′ > 0.82; P < 0.001). Haplotype frequencies were significantly different between cases and controls (χ2 test, P < 0.001). The ATM IVS21+1049 TC or CC, IVS34+60 GA or AA, and 3393 TG or GG genotypes were associated with increased breast cancer risk, particularly in premenopausal women [odds ratios (OR), 1.51; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.11-2.05; OR, 1.42; 95% CI, 1.08-1.88; and OR, 1.37; 95% CI, 1.04-1.80, respectively]. Compared with diploid of TCCAG:TCCAG, the most common haplotype, the ATTGT:ATTGT was associated with decreased risk of breast cancer with borderline significance (OR, 0.77; 95% CI, 0.58-1.04) and TCCAG:ATCGT and ATTGT:ACCAG were associated with increased breast cancer risk (OR, 2.30; 95% CI, 1.18-4.48 and OR, 2.43; 95% CI, 1.1.07-5.52, respectively) after adjusting for age, education, age at first full-term pregnancy, parity, family history of breast cancer, alcohol consumption, and smoking. As the number of ATTGT haplotype decreased, the risk of breast cancer increased (P for trend <0.01). Our results thus suggest that genetic polymorphisms of ATM play an important role in the development of breast cancer in Korean women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)821-825
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2005

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