Generation of ROS by IgE-dependent histamine-releasing factor in RBL-2H3 cells

Yee Shin Choo, Kyunglim Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Histamine-releasing factors (HRFs) are soluble mediators that can release histamine and other mediators from basophils and mast cells and their activity can vary, depending on the type of IgE. The activity of HRFs is affected by the presence of IgE, although HRF is thought to bind to a specific receptor other than IgE. Until now, HRF signaling pathway including its receptor remains unclear in spite of numerous studies. Since there had been many reports about reactive oxygen species (ROS) as a signaling molecule rather than as a by-product of metabolism, we investigated the possibility of ROS as an intracellular messenger involved in HRF-mediated histamine degranulation. In RBL-2H3 cells, ROS was generated by HRF using H2O2- sensitive fluorescence of fluorescent 2′, 7′-dichlorofluorescein (H2DCFDA). These effects were blocked by anti-oxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC). These results suggest that ROS generation could play a role as an intracellular messenger in histamine release by HRF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-235
Number of pages5
JournalKorean Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2005


  • Histamine
  • Histamine-releasing factors
  • N-acetylcysteine
  • Reactive oxygen species


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