Galaxy power spectrum in general relativity

Nastassia Grimm, Fulvio Scaccabarozzi, Jaiyul Yoo, Sang Gyu Biern, Jinn Ouk Gong

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We present the galaxy power spectrum in general relativity. Using a novel approach, we derive the galaxy power spectrum taking into account all the relativistic effects in observations. In particular, we show independently of survey geometry that relativistic effects yield no divergent terms (proportional to k-4Pm(k) or k-2Pm(k) on all scales) that would mimic the signal of primordial non-Gaussianity. This cancellation of such divergent terms is indeed expected from the equivalence principle, meaning that any perturbation acting as a uniform gravity on the scale of the experiment cannot be measured. We find that the unphysical infrared divergence obtained in previous calculations occurred only due to not considering all general relativistic contributions consistently. Despite the absence of divergent terms, general relativistic effects represented by non-divergent terms alter the galaxy power spectrum at large scales (smaller than the horizon scale). In our numerical computation of the full galaxy power spectrum, we show the deviations from the standard redshift-space power spectrum due to these non-divergent corrections. We conclude that, as relativistic effects significantly alter the galaxy power spectrum at k≲ keq, they need to be taken into account in the analysis of large-scale data.

Original languageEnglish
Article number064
JournalJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2020

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