Functional rigidity of a methane biofilter during the temporal microbial succession

Tae Gwan Kim, So Yeon Jeong, Kyung Suk Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Temporal microbial succession was investigated in relation to the performance of a methane biofilter. A laboratory-scale biofilter packed with perlite was operated for 108 days, without a deliberate biomass control. The system performance was stable over the period with a mean elimination capacity of 1,563 g m-3 day-1, despite a temporal deterioration (45-56 days). Ribosomal-tag pyrosequencing showed that bacterial communities at days 14-28 were distinct from those of days 68-108. The accumulation of nonviable substances strongly coincided with the community change (R 2 > 0.97). Rhodobacter, Hydrogenophaga, and Methylomonas were dominated in the earlier period, while Methylocaldum and Methylococcus were abundant in the later period. The methanotrophic proportion gradually increased to 41 %, and type I methanotrophs became predominant over time. However, community structure and methanotrophic population density stably retained over time, allowing the system to keep the similar performance. Therefore, the perlite biofilter system was functionally rigid against the temporal microbial succession.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3275-3286
Number of pages12
JournalApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Volume98
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014

Keywords

  • Functional rigidity
  • Methanotrophic biofilter
  • Microbial community
  • Perlite
  • Succession

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