Frequency and characteristics of patients with bispectral index values of 60 or higher during the induction and maintenance of general anesthesia with remimazolam

Byung Moon Choi, Ju Seung Lee, Kyung Mi Kim, Ji Yeon Bang, Eun Kyung Lee, Gyu Jeong Noh

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Abstract

In Korea, the approved anesthetic regimen of remimazolam starts with 6 mg/kg/h or 12 mg/kg/h until loss of consciousness, followed by maintenance at 1–2 mg/kg/h. Some patients receiving remimazolam for general anesthesia experience occasional difficulty maintaining bispectral index (BIS) value ˂ 60. This retrospective study aimed to analyze the data from patients undergoing elective surgery under remimazolam based-general anesthesia to determine the frequency and physical characteristics of patients with BIS values ˂ 60. The criterion was established for patients with a poorly maintained BIS value < 60. The frequency and physical characteristics of patients who satisfied this criterion were investigated through their medical records. The modified Brice interview was conducted within 24 h after surgery. Among the 1500 patients included in the analysis, 61 (4.1%) met the criteria for BIS ˂ 60. Based on the modified Brice interview, none of the patients with poorly maintained BIS ˂ 60 complained of intraoperative awareness based on the modified Brice interview or exhibit specific physical characteristics. These patients accounted for less than 5% of the total population studied. Notably, physical characteristics alone are insufficient to predict such patients before surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9992
JournalScientific Reports
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2023

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