Fracture Resistance of Monolithic Zirconia Crowns Depending on Different Marginal Thicknesses

Seung Han Kim, Mi Yeon Yeo, Sun Young Choi, Eun Jin Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Under some clinical conditions, the preparation of crowns of limited marginal thickness is inevitable. In such situations, it is questionable whether the same ideal preparation criteria can be applied equally. Since there are only a small number of studies focusing on the fracture resistance with respect to the marginal thickness, there is a need for a study evaluating whether zirconia crowns of limited marginal thickness are clinically acceptable. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the fracture resistance of monolithic zirconia crowns of limited marginal thickness in the posterior area. Methods: Abutments and CAD/CAM zirconia crowns with a marginal thickness of 1.0 mm were set as the control group, while experimental groups A, B, and C possessed reduced marginal thicknesses of 0.8 mm, 0.6 mm, and 0.4 mm, respectively (n = 10 per group). Resin-based abutment dies and monolithic zirconia crowns were fabricated using the CAD/CAM technique, and a universal testing machine was used to measure the fracture load value. Fractured specimens were examined with a scanning electron microscope. The data were analyzed using a one-way ANOVA and Bonferroni post hoc test (p < 0.05). Results: The means and standard deviations of the fracture load values of the control group and the three experimental groups were as follows: control group (1.0 mm): 3090.91 ± 527.77 N; group A (0.8 mm): 2645.39 ± 329.21 N; group B (0.6 mm): 2256.85 ± 454.15 N; group C (0.4 mm): 1957.8 ± 522.14 N. Conclusions: The crowns fabricated with a CAD/CAM zirconia block with limited marginal thicknesses of 0.6 mm and 0.4 mm showed significantly lower fracture resistance values compared to those with the recommended margin thickness of 1.0 mm.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4861
JournalMaterials
Volume15
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2022

Keywords

  • fracture resistance
  • marginal thickness
  • marginal width
  • monolithic zirconia

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