Fractionalization in Fractional Correlated Insulating States at n±1/3 Filled Twisted Bilayer Graphene

Dan Mao, Kevin Zhang, Eun Ah Kim

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Fractionalization without time-reversal symmetry breaking is a long-sought-after goal in the study of correlated phenomena. The earlier proposal of correlated insulating states at n±1/3 filling in twisted bilayer graphene and recent experimental observations of insulating states at those fillings strongly suggest that moiré graphene systems provide a new platform to realize time-reversal symmetric fractionalized states. However, the nature of fractional excitations and the effect of quantum fluctuation on the fractional correlated insulating states are unknown. We show that excitations of the fractional correlated insulator phases in the strong coupling limit carry fractional charges and exhibit fractonic restricted mobility. Upon introduction of quantum fluctuations, the resonance of "lemniscate"structured operators drives the system into quantum lemniscate liquid (QLL) or quantum lemniscate solid (QLS). We find an emergent U(1)×U(1) 1-form symmetry unifies distinct motions of the fractionally charged excitations in the strong coupling limit and in the QLL phase, while providing a new mechanism for fractional excitations in two dimensions. We predict emergent Luttinger liquid behavior upon dilute doping in the strong coupling limit due to restricted mobility and discuss implications at a general n±1/3 filling.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106801
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number10
StatePublished - 8 Sep 2023

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