Ferroelectric transition in Sr- and W-Doped BaTiO3 solid solutions

Heeju Ahn, Eunjeong Lee, Yujin Cho, Dongyeon Bae, Heejung Park, Jayoon Yang, Jiung Cho, Suyeon Cho

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We synthesized Sr- and W-doped BaTiO3 (BTO) polycrystals by using a solid-state reaction method. The X-ray diffraction results showed that Sr andWatoms occupied the Ba and Ti sites in tetragonal BTO, respectively, and there were changes in the lattice constants and the volumes in the Sr- and W-doped BTO. We found a change in the latent heat and the Curie temperature (TC) during the transition between the ferroelectric and paraelectric phases while increasing the contents of Sr andWin the Sr- andW-doped BTO. This can be explained by the fact that the doping of Sr and W atoms in BTO prevented a distinct transition between the ferroelectric tetragonal and paraelectric cubic structures by decreasing the c/a ratio to a value close to unity. This study shows a way toward a strategy for modulating a crystal structure by using proper dopants for future applications in ferroelectricity-based devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6760
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number15
StatePublished - Aug 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors.


  • BaTiO
  • Curie temperature
  • Ferroelectricity
  • Substitution


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