Background: We evaluated the feasibility and safety of stentless uretero-intestinal anas-tomosis (UIA) during radical cystectomy (RC) with an ileal orthotopic neobladder. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 403 patients who underwent RC for bladder cancer between August 2014 and December 2018. The primary objective was to study the effect of stentless UIA on uretero-intestinal anastomosis stricture (UIAS), and the secondary objective was to evaluate the association between stentless UIA and other complications, including paralytic ileus, febrile urinary tract infection (UTI), and urine leakage. Kaplan–Meier survival analysis was used to estimate UIAS-free survival, and Cox proportional hazard models were applied to identify factors associated with the risk of UIAS. Results: Among 403 patients with 790 renal units, UIAS was identified in 39 (9.7%) patients and 53 (6.7%) renal units. Forty-four (83.0%) patients with UIAS were diagnosed within 6 months. The 1-and 2-year overall UIAS-free rates were 93.9% and 92.7%, respectively. Paralytic ileus was identified in 105 (26.1%) patients and resolved with supportive treatment. Febrile UTI occurred in 57 patients (14.1%). However, there was no leak of the UIA. Conclusions: Stentless UIA during RC with an ileal orthotopic neobladder is a feasible and safe surgical option. Further prospective randomized trials are required to determine the clinical usefulness of stentless UIA during RC.
- Radical cystectomy
- Uretero-intestinal anastomosis