Self-exchange electron transfer rates between π-radical cations of zinc porphyrins and the neutral metalloporphyrins have been determined from the line-width broadening in the ESR spectra in different solvents at various temperatures. Fine tuning of the substituent on the porphyrin ring and the proper choice of the solvent have enabled us to observe negative activation enthalpies for the self-exchange electron transfer reactions. The observation of negative activation enthalpies indicates that the self-exchange electron transfer occurs via the charge-transfer π-complexes formed between zinc porphyrin radical cations and the neutral zinc porphyrins. The complete delocalization of the unpaired electron over two porphyrin moieties is observed in the radical cation of a zinc porphyrin dimer, 5,5′ -bis(10,20-bis(3,5-di-tert-butylphenyl)porphyrinatozinc(II)). This is regarded as the extreme limit of the rapid self-exchange electron transfer between zinc porphyrin radical cation and the neutral form.
- Self-exchange electron transfer
- Zinc porphyrin
- Zinc porphyrin dimer