Factors That Control the Reactivity of Cobalt(III)-Nitrosyl Complexes in Nitric Oxide Transfer and Dioxygenation Reactions: A Combined Experimental and Theoretical Investigation

Pankaj Kumar, Yong Min Lee, Lianrui Hu, Jianwei Chen, Young Jun Park, Jiannian Yao, Hui Chen, Kenneth D. Karlin, Wonwoo Nam

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21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Metal-nitrosyl complexes are key intermediates involved in many biological and physiological processes of nitric oxide (NO) activation by metalloproteins. In this study, we report the reactivities of mononuclear cobalt(III)-nitrosyl complexes bearing N-tetramethylated cyclam (TMC) ligands, [(14-TMC)CoIII(NO)]2+ and [(12-TMC)CoIII(NO)]2+, in NO-transfer and dioxygenation reactions. The Co(III)-nitrosyl complex bearing 14-TMC ligand, [(14-TMC)CoIII(NO)]2+, transfers the bound nitrosyl ligand to [(12-TMC)CoII]2+ via a dissociative pathway, {[(14-TMC)CoIII(NO)]2+ → {(14-TMC)Co···NO}2+}, thus affording [(12-TMC)CoIII(NO)]2+ and [(14-TMC)CoII]2+ as products. The dissociation of NO from the [(14-TMC)CoIII(NO)]2+ complex prior to NO-transfer is supported experimentally and theoretically. In contrast, the reverse reaction, which is the NO-transfer from [(12-TMC)CoIII(NO)]2+ to [(14-TMC)CoII]2+, does not occur. In addition to the NO-transfer reaction, dioxygenation of [(14-TMC)CoIII(NO)]2+ by O2 produces [(14-TMC)CoII(NO3)]+, which possesses an O,O-chelated nitrato ligand and where, based on an experiment using 18O-labeled O2, two of the three O-atoms in the [(14-TMC)CoII(NO3)]+ product derive from O2. The dioxygenation reaction is proposed to occur via a dissociative pathway, as proposed in the NO-transfer reaction, and via the formation of a Co(II)-peroxynitrite intermediate, based on the observation of phenol ring nitration. In contrast, [(12-TMC)CoIII(NO)]2+ does not react with O2. Thus, the present results demonstrate unambiguously that the NO-transfer/dioxygenation reactivity of the cobalt(III)-nitrosyl complexes bearing TMC ligands is significantly influenced by the ring size of the TMC ligands and/or the spin state of the cobalt ion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7753-7762
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume138
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - 22 Jun 2016

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